Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce by David Cornell

By David Cornell

Few battles resonate via British heritage as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots lower than the management of Robert the Bruce unexpectedly trounced the English, leaving hundreds of thousands lifeless or wounded. The victory was once one among Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered through approximately 3 to 1. The loss to the English, scuffling with lower than Edward II, was once staggering.


In this groundbreaking account of Bannockburn, David Cornell units the long-lasting conflict in political and army context and focuses new awareness at the roles of Robert and Edward within the occasions resulting in the accumulation in their armies. the writer brings the two-day conflict to lifestyles and reassesses either the an important mêlée fought at the moment day and the casualties suffered through the English. packed with colourful aspect and clean insights, the booklet throws new mild at the conflict itself, the nature of the English defeat, the impact of that defeat at the process the Anglo-Scottish wars, and the robust effect of the battle’s legacy on English and Scottish nationwide identity.


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Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce

Few battles resonate via British heritage as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots less than the management of Robert the Bruce all at once trounced the English, leaving millions useless or wounded. The victory used to be one in every of Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military was once outnumbered via approximately 3 to at least one.

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A vast English host, led in person by Edward I, entered Scotland and on 22 July met a Scottish army commanded by Wallace at Falkirk. The small contingent of Scottish cavalry immediately fled, and in a hard-fought engagement the Scottish foot soldiers were eventually annihilated. Clifford was in the thick of the fighting at Falkirk. Although it is extremely doubtful that Bruce fought on the Scottish side, the battle of Falkirk, like Stirling Bridge before it, was not one to which Bruce could look back with anything but sadness and regret.

In June, Edward responded by declaring his intention of taking an army to France. The English host was to muster on 1 September. In late June, writs of summons were issued by the English Crown to those obliged to provide troops. In an unprecedented move, Edward also issued writs to Balliol, as king of Scotland, to two earls of Scotland and sixteen Scottish barons. This summons to serve the English king overseas went far beyond what the Scots were prepared to accept. The time had come to make a stand.

Denied an enemy to whom they could give battle and from whom they could pillage, the English soon began to run low on provisions. Their campaign threatened to stall completely as they were forced to await the arrival of supply ships at Edinburgh. Then Edward’s luck changed; he received intelligence that placed the Scottish army less than twenty miles away at Falkirk. Edward seized the moment and ordered an immediate advance towards Falkirk. On 22 July battle was met. Upon the approach of the English, Wallace formed his foot soldiers into tight circular defensive formations known as schiltroms, the iron tips of their spears jutting venomously outwards ready to repel the charge of English cavalry.

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