By Sharon-ann Gopaul McNicol, Eleanor Armour-Thomas
Assessment and tradition demanding situations the classical method of the evaluate of minority populations by way of mentioning the deficiencies during this process and provides as an alternative a bio-cultural version of review. the main aim of this ebook is to aid psychological overall healthiness pros to extra thoroughly verify members from a number of ethnic, cultural and linguistic backgrounds. The culture-fair concepts and techniques of the ebook faucet right into a extensive diversity of the skills and aptitudes of the examinee. Assessment and tradition presents a cultural body of reference which permits the examiner take into consideration the individual's social and cultural elements in improvement, coping kind and private heritage. person chapters ponder the sensible facets of assessing the highbrow, linguistic, educational, visual-motor, emotional and vocational functioning of culturally assorted young children. a whole component of the booklet is dedicated to writing the evaluate record.
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Additional info for Assessment and Culture: Psychological Tests with Minority Populations
1085). Variations in perceptions of race also exist in other countries. In a recent review of conceptions of race as a socially constructed phenomenon, Eberhardt and Randall (1997) described the fluid continuum by which race is defined in Brazil, Latin America and Caribbean countries. Factors such as economic and geographic mobiUty are aUowed along the continuum, as are a wide range of colors. In Caribbean and Latin American countries, it is not uncommon for individuals to change color or to have different perceptions of physical attributes such as hair texture and skin pigmentation as a function of economic mobility.
In short, in a standardized testing context, the norms of discourse are predetermined and performance differences could result to the extent that children's sociolinguistic patterns of communication are different from the examiner's script. TEST INTERPRETATION BIAS Comparisons of intelligence test scores on the basis of ethnic classification are likely to lead to bias in interpretation since there is considerable heterogeneity within such groups in terms of family structure, geographical region, gender, socioeconomic status, language, educational orientation and perceived discrimination.
Motivational Stimuli An important characteristic of a task that is Hkely to influence performance is the extent to which it has properties that are likely to attract and sustain atten- 36 Assessment and Culture tion and emotional investment until its completion. Again, we look to the culture and ask the questions: • What kinds of activities arouse individuals' attention and interest? • What kinds of activities encourage them to sustain that effort with a level of intensity until task completion?