Altmetrics for Information Professionals: Past, Present and by Kim Johan Holmberg

By Kim Johan Holmberg

The objective of any study review is to guage the price or caliber of the examine compared to different learn. As caliber is extremely subjective and tough to degree, citations are used as a proxy. Citations are an incredible a part of scholarly verbal exchange and an important element of learn evaluate, with the idea being that hugely pointed out paintings has encouraged the paintings of many different researchers and accordingly it truly is extra helpful. lately we've seen new on-line info resources being researched for this goal and disruptive rules with the ability to alter study overview, and even perhaps technology as an entire, were born. Altmetrics is the hot examine sector that investigates the opportunity of those new information resource as symptoms of the effect that examine has made at the medical group and past, and hence almost certainly additionally as signs of the societal impression of study. This e-book will current a few of these new info resources, findings from past altmetrics examine, and the disruptive rules that could transform scholarly communication.

  • Presents many of the key principles and suggestions in past study which have been riding the evolution from bibliometrics to webometrics, and with the arrival of social media to altmetrics
  • Discusses the shortcomings and pitfalls of bibliometrics in examine evaluate and the opportunity of altmetrics to beat a few of these shortcomings
    • Presents probably the most very important facts resources of altmetrics, the aggregators, and the various stakeholders
    • Reviews present study approximately altmetrics and discusses attainable destiny trends
    • Presents how to degree and mixture altmetrics in keeping with the extent of influence or kind of impression they represent

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    When, for instance, conducting a co-citation analysis it is usual to choose a threshold of occurrences of co-citations in order to focus on the most frequent co-citations and the strongest connections. That threshold would then also filter out any outliers. , 1985, 1995) and to various degrees in different university rankings (QS World University Rankings, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, CWTS Leiden Ranking, Academic Ranking of World Universities), although many of the methods and indicators were not originally designed for the task.

    A high h-index would therefore mean that a researcher has published many highly cited publications. The h-index, although it counteracts against the shortcomings of JIFs, has been criticized, for instance, for the arbitrary choice of h as the number of significant publications (Bornmann & Leydesdorff, 2014). , Egghe, 2006; Burrell, 2007, 2013; Abramo, D’Angelo, & Viel, 2013; Ferrara & Romero, 2013; Schreiber, 2013). Vieira, Cabral, and Gomes (2014) tested a selection of different bibliometric indicators against peer evaluations and ranking of applicants to an academic position.

    Fifty years ago Peter W. Higgs wrote the paper titled “Broken symmetries and the masses of gauge bosons,” which was published in Physical Review Letters, volume 13, issue 16, in 1964. According to data from Scopus (which starts only from 1972) throughout the 1970s and 1980s the paper received about one or two citations a year, but in 1996 it received 19 citations, in 2009 it received 67 citations, and in 2013 it received 185 citations. Later developments and eventually the detection of the Higgs Boson brought the seminal paper from 1964 back to life and it became highly cited only in the recent years, 50 years since it was first published.

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