Aging in Comparative Perspective: Processes and Policies by Ian Gillespie Cook, Jamie Halsall

By Ian Gillespie Cook, Jamie Halsall

This publication examines the foremost getting older approaches in seven international locations (United States, uk, Sweden, Japan, China, Nepal, and South Africa) and the most regulations which have been, and are being, built to house this speedy switch within the demographic profile. It addresses the issues which are pointed out in addition to the positive factors of getting older inside every one of those contrasting societies. therefore it makes an important contribution to the foremost debates approximately getting old around the globe.

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This standard protection is complemented by a basic protection for persons unable to earn any—or sufficient—income-based pension. • The income-based portion of old-age pension is founded on the principle of lifetime earnings… 32 4 Aging in Sweden • The pension system is strictly contribution-based, that is, pension disbursements correspond to contributions paid into the system by or for the individual. Pensions are paid out to men and women on a gender-neutral basis despite differences in average life expectancy.

5. With better prescribing practice, adhering to NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) guidelines, £150 million (circa $225 million) could be saved annually by the NHS in a “painless” way. Similarly, obesity is a major problem. The major survey of older people conducted in 2005 concluded (Criag & Mindell, 2007, p. 12) that: 72% of men and 68% of women were either overweight or obese. A greater proportion of men than women were overweight (47% compared with 39%) but a greater proportion of women than men were obese (28 and 24% respectively).

Further to this an article in 2006 in the British media suggested that Japan’s aging trend was becoming “inexorable” because the country had the lowest ratio of children under 15 and has the highest proportion of over 65-year olds in the world (Dejjevsky, 2006). Following the Second World War the population in Japan increased rapidly. The main reasons for this are largely economic and social. Bailey (1996) notes the shift from being a country defeated in 1945 to becoming one of the most successful economic forces in the world.

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