By Wilkie, John Ritchie; Chambers, William Walker
This easy creation to the historical past of the German language seeks to supply scholars who've a few wisdom of contemporary German, yet no wisdom both of its improvement or of linguistic theories, with a quick account of the fundamental elements - chronological, geographical and linguistic - and their interrelation. the cloth is prepared in 3 elements. the 1st strains the heritage of the German language from its origins in Indo-European throughout the pre-documentary Germanic interval and the center a while to the current day. within the moment half the improvement of the German vocabulary.
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Extra resources for A Short History of the German Language
1 We do not know how long such changes took to complete; not all of them were completed before the Germanic languages separated from each other. It is estimated that the First Sound-Shift was completed by c. , since none of the words borrowed from Latin were affected by it. Meanwhile the Germanic tribes had not remained static in their Scandinavian home. The region was not particularly hospitable, much of the coastal land was liable to flooding, and an expanding population needed more food and more land.
Bavarian extended east to the region of Linz on the Danube. In broad outline, this is still the pattern of western German dialects today. Some time before the ninth century some of these dialects had been affected by a series of changes in the Germanic plosive consonants which seems to have begun in the south – though scholars are not agreed whether the Bavarian or Alemannic or even the Lombard area of northern Italy is the place of origin – and to have had an ever decreasing effect on the dialects as it spread north and west.
Indeed, it is possible that the new sounds developed in the language groups concerned after they had separated from the parent community. The ‘satem-centum’ distinction must not be isolated and overstressed. C. and must already have undergone a long separate development. ) towards the end of the Neolithic period, though it is possible that the break-up had begun much earlier. The questions of the civilization and home of the ‘Indo-Europeans’2 is closely bound up with the Indo-European vocabulary.